Images of street fighting and air raid in Barcelona 1936-39
My father stayed in Barcelona for extended periods from the beginning of the Spanish Civil War in July 1936. He did not experience many threatening situations when hostilities broke out in Barcelona. At first Anarchists tended to have more visibility and apparent control but that changed once Stalin began using USSR contributions to the Republican cause and USSR agents maneuvered the Spanish Communist party into more control of the Republican governance.
But the beginning of the end for my father continuing to work and live in Catalonia began once the Italian Air Force began a major intervention with bombers from flying from Majorca while Franco’s Nationalist military forces began controlling more of the Spanish land mass and threatening Barcelona. He finally left after mid-1938 because daily bombings became a major hindrance to daily normality. Franco’s army entered Barcelona in the early spring of 1939 at about the same time that Hitler finished the takeover of Czechoslovakia. This was a bad time in Europe but much worse would soon come!
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